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Duke University
UCLA
Unweighted GPA: 3.7
1.0
4.0
SAT: 720 math
200
800
| 800 verbal
200
800

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# What is GPA out of?

I'm a bit confused about the GPA scale – I thought it was out of 4.0, but some friends of mine are talking about a 5.0 scale. Can someone clarify what GPA is usually out of and why there might be differences?

6 months ago

GPA is an abbreviation for "Grade Point Average," which is calculated by converting letter grades into a numerical value. The most common GPA scale is the unweighted 4.0 scale, where:

- A = 4.0

- B = 3.0

- C = 2.0

- D = 1.0

- F = 0.0

However, some high schools and colleges use a weighted GPA scale that goes up to 5.0 or even 6.0. This is done to recognize the increased difficulty and rigor of certain courses, like Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), or honors classes. In a weighted scale, higher values are typically assigned to those challenging courses, for example:

- A in AP/IB/Honors = 5.0

- A in Regular = 4.0

- B in AP/IB/Honors = 4.0

- B in Regular = 3.0

- C in AP/IB/Honors = 3.0

- C in Regular = 2.0

- D in AP/IB/Honors = 1.0

- D in Regular = 1.0

- F for both = 0.0

Different schools and institutions may have their own variations of these scales, so it's important to understand the grading system at your specific school. You can usually find information about your school's grading system in the school handbook or on their website.

When it comes to the college application process, most colleges typically convert weighted GPAs back to the unweighted 4.0 scale to compare applicants on a consistent basis. However, they will still consider the rigor of your coursework when evaluating your academic performance.

6 months ago