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Unweighted GPA:** 3.7**

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4.0

SAT: **720 math**

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| **800 verbal**

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Low accuracy (4 of 18 factors)

Math people, help a friend out! I keep hearing about the '30-60-90 rule.' What is it exactly and how is it used in geometry/trigonometry problems?

6 months ago

The 30-60-90 rule refers to a special kind of right triangle where the angles measure 30 degrees, 60 degrees, and 90 degrees. This triangle has unique properties that make solving geometry and trigonometry problems easier. The most important property of a 30-60-90 triangle lies in its side ratios. The side lengths are always in a fixed proportion: the side opposite the 30-degree angle (the shortest side) has a length of x, the side opposite the 60-degree angle (the longer leg) has a length of x√3, and the side opposite the 90-degree angle (the hypotenuse) has a length of 2x.

When you encounter a 30-60-90 triangle in a geometry or trigonometry problem, you can immediately use these side ratios to determine the missing side lengths or even trigonometric ratios like sine, cosine, and tangent. Here's a quick example to demonstrate how the 30-60-90 rule can be applied:

Let's say you have a 30-60-90 triangle, and you are given that the side length opposite the 30-degree angle is 4. To find the other side lengths, you use the aforementioned ratios:

1. Side opposite 30 degrees: x = 4 (given)

2. Side opposite 60 degrees: x√3 = 4√3

3. Hypotenuse (opposite 90 degrees): 2x = 2(4) = 8

So, the side lengths of this triangle are 4, 4√3, and 8.

The 30-60-90 rule is immensely helpful in various geometry and trigonometry problems, as it allows you to quickly solve for missing side lengths and trigonometric ratios without the need for lengthy calculations.

6 months ago

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